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Relationships between climate change, hurricanes and mangroves...

Welcome to the Paul Rebmann Nature Photography Newsletter September 2019 edition.

Mangroves are a group of plants with a shared common name that has more to do with where and how they grow than with their family or genus relationships. Mangroves are shrubs or trees that are halophiles, meaning that they can grow in salt water. To do this they have particular characteristics that help them deal with their saline environment.

The four native mangroves that occur in Florida are listed here in the order of their preferred habitat, from wettest(lowest) to driest(highest).

Rhizophora mangle - red mangrove - family Rhizophoraceae
 red mangrove and oyster shells

Avicennia germinans - black mangrove - family Acanthaceae
 black mangrove

Laguncularia racemosa - white mangrove - family Combretaceae
 white mangrove

Conocarpus erectus - buttonwood, or button mangrove - family Combretaceae

Mangroves are tropical and sub-tropical plants with ranges that are expanding north and south as a result of climate change.

 Mangrove Nursery #2

As average temperatures increase and severe freezes decrease in the zone between temperate and sub-tropical, mangroves are now found where they have not been before or since long ago.

 Mangrove Understory - prop roots and sprout of red mangroves with aerial roots (pneumatophores) of black mangroves

Fortunately, mangroves make an excellent buffer from storm surge in the face of increasing hurricane activity and intensity. A recent Morning Edition story on NPR looked at climate change and the expanding mangrove range in northeast Florida.

Read more about Florida mangroves and how to tell them apart from one another at the Paul Rebmann Nature Photography Mangroves blog post .

Paul Rebmann Nature Photography/Wild Florida Photo will be at two upcoming events selling photo prints, nature note cards and other items with nature photos printed on them.

First, the Lake County Wildflower Festival this Saturday, Sept. 28 from 9am to 2pm. This festival will be held at Green Isle Gardens, 11303 SR 33 in Groveland, FL.

The second event is Backyard Biodiversity Day in Winter Park. This event will be held Sat. Oct 19 from 9am to 3pm at Mead Gardens in Winter Park, Florida.

Both of the above events will also be excellent opportunities to buy native plants for your yard.

Paul Rebmann will be leading a native plant walk at Tomoka State Park during Tomoka Fest on Sat. Oct. 5. Tentative schedule 11am with a possible second hike at 2pm. Check the Tomoka State Park website for details.

For details on these and other events, visit the Wild Florida Photo events page.

New item available with Paul Rebmann Nature Photography images.
Pine Lily T-shirt

Pine Lily T-shirt for men       Pine Lily T-shirt for women
Pine Lily T-shirt for men                                          Pine Lily T-shirt for women

The current Wild Florida Photo feature is black mangrove.
Other recent featured photos at Wild Florida Photo include wild hog.

Thank you, and I hope that you enjoy my photography.
Paul Rebmann
Wild Florida Photo
Twitter @WildFlPhoto

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