Wild Florida Photo - Solanum viarum

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Solanum viarum

TROPICAL SODA APPLE

Not native to Florida

Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council:  Category I designation
This plant is an invasive exotic that is altering native plant communities by displacing native species, changing community structures or ecological functions, or hybridizing with natives.
This species should never be planted (many with this designation are prohibited by law), and generally should be removed whenever possible.

 

Native to Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina, this problem invasive has now spread accross much of Florida. It is also now found throughout the southeastern United States plus Pennsylvania and was placed on the Federal Noxious Weed List in 1995.
In Florida it is usually found in disturbed sites - along roadsides and in ditches, citrus groves and other farmland. Tropical Soda Apple is very prolific and has a high germination rate. Cattle and wildlife such as raccoons, deer and feral pigs spread the seed by eating the fruit.

 
Solanum viarum is a member of the Solanaceae - Potato family.

Other species of the Solanum genus in the Wild Florida Photo database:
  View  Solanum capsicoides - SODA APPLE
  View  Solanum chenopodioides - BLACK NIGHTSHADE
  View  Solanum dulcamara - CLIMBING NIGHTSHADE
  View  Solanum bahamense - BAHAMA NIGHTSHADE
  View  Solanum americanum - AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE


Native Florida Plants

  Robert G. Haehle; Joan Brookwell
 Low Maintenance Landscaping and Gardening

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Native Florida Plants
Native landscapes are easier to maintain, use less water and thrive without chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Native Florida Plants describes every type of regional flora—-from seaside foliage and wildflowers to grassy meadows, shrubs, vines, and aquatic gardens—-in 301 profiles and accompanying color photographs.


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