Wild Florida Photo - Spigelia marilandica

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Spigelia marilandica



Florida native


This erect perennial grows to less than a meter tall in calcareous upland woodland forests and bluffs of the central panhandle plus a few western panhandle counties. The range extends throughout the southeastern United States as far west as Texas and Oklahoma, north through the area along the Ohio River and northeast into Maryland.
The distinctive flowers appear in spring. The tubular corolla is yellow on the inside and red outside, opening at the top into a five-lobed star. There are usually four to seven pairs of leaves on the four-angled stem. The leaves are opposite, entire, sessile and glabrous.
A tea made from this plant was used by Native Americans and early settlers to treat intestinal parasites. An alkaloid contained in the plant can cause dizziness, convulsions, increased heart rate and death.

Spigelia marilandica is a member of the Loganiaceae - Logania family.

Other species of the Spigelia genus in the Wild Florida Photo database:
  View  Spigelia loganioides - FLORIDA PINKROOT

Native Florida Plants

  Robert G. Haehle; Joan Brookwell
 Low Maintenance Landscaping and Gardening

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Native Florida Plants
Native landscapes are easier to maintain, use less water and thrive without chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Native Florida Plants describes every type of regional flora—-from seaside foliage and wildflowers to grassy meadows, shrubs, vines, and aquatic gardens—-in 301 profiles and accompanying color photographs.

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