Wild Florida Photo - Rhamnus caroliniana

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Rhamnus caroliniana

CAROLINA BUCKTHORN

Synonym: Frangula caroliniana

Florida native

 

An occasional deciduous shrub or small tree of hammocks in the central and far western panhandle plus some areas of the northern and central peninsula. The range extends throughout the southeast, west into Texas and Oklahoma, north into Missouri through Ohio and Maryland. Not present in West Virginia.
Growing up to 10-14 m (33-46 ft.) tall with simple, alternate leaves having conspicuously parallel lateral viens. The leaves are elliptic, 5-12 cm (2 to 4-3/4 in.) long and 3-5 cm (1-1/8 to 2 in.) wide. Young twigs are reddish-brown and pubescent. Small clusters of tiny, white to yellowish bell-shaped flowers appear in the leaf axils from spring to fall. The fruit is a rounded berry about 1 cm (0.4 in.) in diameter, initially red turning black at maturity.
Rhamnus caroliniana is the only buckthorn species that occurs in Florida.

 
Rhamnus caroliniana is a member of the Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn family.
 

Native Florida Plants

  Robert G. Haehle; Joan Brookwell
 Low Maintenance Landscaping and Gardening

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Native Florida Plants
Native landscapes are easier to maintain, use less water and thrive without chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Native Florida Plants describes every type of regional flora—-from seaside foliage and wildflowers to grassy meadows, shrubs, vines, and aquatic gardens—-in 301 profiles and accompanying color photographs.


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