A common small tree of swamps and floodplain forests throughout most of Florida. Not found in the keys or the southeast peninsula except for Martin County. The only ash found in the southern half of the peninsula. The range extends through the southeastern coastal states from Virginia to Texas, plus Arkansas.
The dry, closed, one-seeded, winged fruit - called a samara - is winged nearly to the base in Carolina ash and is overall diamond shaped. Also called water ash, it grows up to 12 meters (40 ft.) tall, and often has several trunks. The opposite leaves are pinnately compound, usually with five to seven leaflets per leaf, rarely three or nine. The leaflets are highly variable, often ovate to oval, but also can be lanceolate to elliptic, usually entire but sometimes serrate, 2.5-15 cm (1-6 in.) long and 2-8 (3/4 - 3 in.) cm wide. The stalks of the lower leaflets can be winged.
Pond apple and pop ash - as Fraxinus caroliniana seems to be more commonly called in south Florida - are significant parts of the plant community in places like the Fakahatchee Strand.
Fraxinus caroliniana is a member of the Oleaceae - Olive family.
Trees of Eastern North America Gil Nelson; Christopher J. Earle; Richard Spellenberg; Amy K. Hughes(ed.) ; David More(ill.)
Covering 825 species, more than any comparable field guide, Trees of Eastern North America is the most comprehensive, best illustrated, and easiest-to-use book of its kind.
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Presenting all the native and naturalized trees of the eastern United States and Canada as far west as the Great Plains--including those species found only in tropical and subtropical Florida and northernmost Canada--the book features superior descriptions; thousands of meticulous color paintings by David More that illustrate important visual details; range maps that provide a thumbnail view of distribution for each native species; "Quick ID" summaries; a user-friendly layout; scientific and common names; the latest taxonomy; information on the most recently naturalized species; keys to leaves and twigs; and an introduction to tree identification, forest ecology, and plant classification and structure. The easy-to-read descriptions present details of size, shape, growth habit, bark, leaves, flowers, fruit, flowering and fruiting times, habitat, and range. Using a broad definition of a tree, the book covers many small, overlooked species normally thought of as shrubs. With its unmatched combination of breadth and depth, this is an essential guide for every tree lover.
The most comprehensive, best illustrated, and easiest-to-use field guide to the trees of eastern North America
Covers 825 species, more than any comparable guide, including all the native and naturalized trees of the United States and Canada as far west as the Great Plains
Features specially commissioned artwork, detailed descriptions, range maps for native species, up-to-date taxonomy and names, and much, much more
An essential guide for every tree lover