Wild Florida Photo
Nature Photography by Paul Rebmann
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Not native to Florida
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council: Category II designation
Invasive exotics that have increased in abundance or frequency but have not yet altered Florida plant communities to the extent shown by Category I species.
Planting this species should be avoided and removal of existing plants may be desirable.
A shrub that is in only two Florida panhandle counties: Leon and Gadsden. Native to Asia, Elaeagnus umbellata can now be found in much of the eastern United States, west to Nebraska and Kansas, plus Montana, Oregon and Washington. It also occurs in Ontario.
Silverberry is many-branched and grows to about 3m (10 ft.) tall with alternate leaves that are elliptic to oval, 1-8 cm (3/8 - 3-1/8 in.) long and 1-3 cm wide (3/8 - 1-3/16 in.). The undersides of the leaves have silvery-metallic scales. Clusters of fragrant flowers appear in the leaf axils in spring. The trumpet-shaped flowers are about 1 cm (3/8 in.) long, are cream to light yellow in color and flare out to four lobes. The fruit is red and drupelike, 5-8 mm (3/16 - 1/3 in.) long.
Elaeagnus umbellata can be differentiated from E. pungens by being deciduous and by having leaf undersides that are silvery, not white, with few if any brown scales.