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Wild lime is a frequent evergreen shrub or small tree of hammocks in the central and south Florida peninsula and the Keys. The range includes Texas, the West Indies and Mexico.
One of the most distinguishing traits of wild lime is the winged rachis on the alternate compound leaves. There are seven to nine small leaflets that are each 1-3cm (less than 1-1/4 in.) long and 0.5-1.5cm (less than 3/4 in.) wide with crenate margins on at least the upper half of the leaflet. The yellow-green flowers are very small and appear in the spring. The fruit is a shiny black seed in a brownish husk.
Wild lime is one of the primary larval host plants for the Giant Swallowtail and Schaus Swallowtail butterfies.
Zanthoxylum fagara is a member of the Rutaceae - Citrus family.
Other species of the Zanthoxylum genus in the Wild Florida Photo database:
View Zanthoxylum clava-herculis - HERCULES-CLUB
Trees of Eastern North America Gil Nelson; Christopher J. Earle; Richard Spellenberg; Amy K. Hughes(ed.) ; David More(ill.)
Covering 825 species, more than any comparable field guide, Trees of Eastern North America is the most comprehensive, best illustrated, and easiest-to-use book of its kind.
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Presenting all the native and naturalized trees of the eastern United States and Canada as far west as the Great Plains--including those species found only in tropical and subtropical Florida and northernmost Canada--the book features superior descriptions; thousands of meticulous color paintings by David More that illustrate important visual details; range maps that provide a thumbnail view of distribution for each native species; "Quick ID" summaries; a user-friendly layout; scientific and common names; the latest taxonomy; information on the most recently naturalized species; keys to leaves and twigs; and an introduction to tree identification, forest ecology, and plant classification and structure. The easy-to-read descriptions present details of size, shape, growth habit, bark, leaves, flowers, fruit, flowering and fruiting times, habitat, and range. Using a broad definition of a tree, the book covers many small, overlooked species normally thought of as shrubs. With its unmatched combination of breadth and depth, this is an essential guide for every tree lover.
The most comprehensive, best illustrated, and easiest-to-use field guide to the trees of eastern North America
Covers 825 species, more than any comparable guide, including all the native and naturalized trees of the United States and Canada as far west as the Great Plains
Features specially commissioned artwork, detailed descriptions, range maps for native species, up-to-date taxonomy and names, and much, much more
An essential guide for every tree lover