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The ray florets are lacking on the distinctive flowers of this genus.

The most prominent feature of the Florida indian plantain flowers are the five green winged phyllaries of the cylindrical disk florets. Leaves are alternate, toothed and oval or broadest near their base.
The leaves of the endangerd A. diversifolium are hastate or lobed at their base.
A. floridanum is only found in the dry pinelands and scrub of the north and central Florida peninsula.


Simpson's grass-pink is found in open marls and rocky prairies of the southernmost Florida counties, plus Cuba and the Bahamas.

This terrestrial orchid typically blooms from late December to early May in the Everglades National Park and mostly from late April through early June in the Big Cypress National Preserve.


Canada toadflax is the more common and widespread of the three species of this genus in Florida.

Found in most Florida counties it ranges throughout much of the United States except for the rocky mountains and is also found in eastern Canada.
The three native North American toadflax species have recently been reclassified from the Linaria genus into Nuttallanthus. These native toadflax have smaller windborne seeds than the exotic species, which are not found in Florida, except for possibly Linaria vulgaris.
N. canadensis has shorter pedicels and longer spurs than Apalachicola toadflax. Texas toadflax has slightly larger flowers and is only in the northern counties of Florida.
Purchase Blue Toadflax by Paul Rebmann


This member of the milkweed family is a twining, herbaceous, perrenial vine with opposite, oblong to linear dark green leaves.

The five-lobed flowers are about 1cm wide, fragrant, hairy and grow in globular clusters. White twinevine grows in the moist soils of hammocks, coastal strand, swamps and mangroves of central and south Florida, Texas and the Virgin Islands. S. clausum is the only species of this genus in Florida. The genus name is listed by various sources as either Sarcostema or Funastrum with the proper classification widely debated.


This small terrestrial orchid can be easily overlooked in the calcareous woodlands, pine flatwoods and shell middens where it can be found.

Being mycotrophic, it lacks leaves and chlorophyll.
Spring coralroot is common and widespread throughout the northern parts of the state becoming rarer southward down the peninsula and not present in extreme south Florida. The range includes much of the continental United States except the far west, north central and northeast states.
Corallorrhiza wisteriana has 5-30cm tall brownish-yellow stems with 5 to 25 flowers that appear from late December through April. Sepals are green to yellow suffused and mottled with purple. The lip is white with small purple spots. Two rare forms occur in Florida, each known from only one location. One has yellow stems and pure white flowers, the other is red stemmed with red marked flowers.


This perennial herb or shrub has alternate ovate to narrowly elliptic evergreen leaves.

Heads of white to pale purple tubular flowers with dark anthers. Feay's palafox is found in sandhills, dry pine flatwoods, scrub, sandy thickets and ruderal sites from Marion & Volusia counties south into the keys.