Wild Florida Photo - Pandion haliaetus

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Pandion haliaetus

  var.  carolinensis


Florida native


This year-round resident of Florida is most common along coastal waterways.
There are four species of osprey worldwide. Pandion haliaetus carolinensis can be found in the Americas with some populations resident, as is common in Florida, and others migrating between North and South America and the Caribbean. Non-migratory populations begin breeding between December and March. Migratory populations typically begin breeding from April to May. A non-migratory subspecies P. h. ridgwayi is found in the Caribbean from the Bahamas and Cuba to southeastern Mexico and Belize and has distictive plumage, with the head marking being very pale or non-existent. The subspecies haliaetus is found in Europe, Africa, and Asia north of the Himalayas, while the range of leucocephalus includes Australia and the southwest Pacific.
Ospreys average 23 inches (~58 cm) long with a wingspan of 5' 3" (160 cm). They have dark backs, white undersides and white head with a black stripe through the eye to the back of the neck. Females are typicaly the same length as males, but with greater body mass and wingspans.
After diving for a fish, they will fly up into the air, then shake the water off their wings. If successful, they will be holding their catch in their talons, which will quickly be arranged in line with their body while flying to a perch where the meal is consumed. Nests are made of a mass of sticks, often high in a dead tree, on a man-made platform or topping a navigational buoy.

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Pandion haliaetus is a member of the Accipitridae - Hawks & Eagles family.

For more information on this species, visit the following link:
Cornell Lab of Ornithology All About Birds page for this species

Date record last modified:
Nov 11, 2018